The growing popularity of mobile devices and Internet of Things (IoT) has inspired the advent of the Cloudlet concept-a 'small data center' close to users at the edge. It is believed that the Quality of Experience (QoE) of end users would greatly improve if they can access required resources within a one-hop distance from Cloudlet servers. Over the years, many researchers have proposed using virtual machines (VMs) as such service-provisioning servers. However, seeing the potentiality of containers-a lightweight virtualization tool, this paper adopts LXC containers as Cloudlet platforms. To facilitate container migration between Cloudlets, CRIU (Checkpoint/Restore in Userspace) has been chosen as the migration tool. Since the migration process goes through the Wide Area Network (WAN), which may experience congestion or network failures, this paper adopts the MPTCP (Multipath TCP) protocol to address the challenge. The multiple subflows established within a MPTCP connection can improve the resilience of the migration process and reduce migration time. We have conducted a number of experiments to validate the proposed approach. The experimental results show that LXC containers are suitable candidates for the problem and MPTCP protocol is effective in enhancing the migration process.

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Keywords Cloudlet, CRIU, LXC container, MPTCP
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Conference 41st IEEE Annual Computer Software and Applications Conference Workshops, COMPSAC 2017
Qiu, Y. (Yuqing), Lung, C.H, Ajila, S, & Srivastava, P. (Pradeep). (2017). LXC Container Migration in Cloudlets under Multipath TCP. In Proceedings - International Computer Software and Applications Conference (pp. 31–36). doi:10.1109/COMPSAC.2017.163