In this article, we first consider the possible impacts of an increase in the wife's education on the household decision-making model, where it is assumed that the outcomes are Pareto efficient. A reduced-form participation index is derived from the model and used in estimation on household data from five Asian countries. The data used in the empirical analysis are the 1975-76 World Fertility Surveys (WFS) for Indonesia, Korea, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. These data have not been previously exploited in a study of this kind. Their relative lack of use in the literature and their high degree of comparability across countries make them a valuable and much underused asset. The cross-country aspect is particularly appealing because it allows an examination of the role of cultural backgrounds in women's labor force participation decisions. The mid-1970s are also a particularly interesting period to study because at that time most of the survey countries, with the exception of Korea, were just beginning the industrialization process. By analyzing this period, valuable insights can be gained into women's labor market behavior during the early stages of industrialization.
Economic Development and Cultural Change
Department of Economics

Cameron, L.A. (L. A.), Dowling, J.M. (J. M.), & Worswick, C. (2001). Education and labor market participation of women in Asia: Evidence from five countries. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 49(3), 459–477. doi:10.1086/452511