In a recent discussion, Walter Glannon discusses a number of ways we might try to minimise harm to patients who experience intraoperative awareness. In this response, I direct attention to a possibility that deserves further attention. It might be that a kind of psychological intervention-namely, informing patients of the possibility of intraoperative awareness and of what to expect in such a case-would constitute a unique way to respect patient autonomy, as well as minimise the harm that typically follows intraoperative awareness events.
Journal of Medical Ethics
Department of Philosophy

Shepherd, J. (2014). Minimizing harm via psychological intervention: Response to Glannon. Journal of Medical Ethics (Vol. 40, pp. 662–663). doi:10.1136/medethics-2014-102073