In a recent discussion, Walter Glannon discusses a number of ways we might try to minimise harm to patients who experience intraoperative awareness. In this response, I direct attention to a possibility that deserves further attention. It might be that a kind of psychological intervention-namely, informing patients of the possibility of intraoperative awareness and of what to expect in such a case-would constitute a unique way to respect patient autonomy, as well as minimise the harm that typically follows intraoperative awareness events.

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Journal Journal of Medical Ethics
Shepherd, J. (2014). Minimizing harm via psychological intervention: Response to Glannon. Journal of Medical Ethics (Vol. 40, pp. 662–663). doi:10.1136/medethics-2014-102073