Characterizing Proximity Trees
Algorithmica , Volume 16 - Issue 1 p. 83- 110
Complete characterizations are given for those trees that can be drawn as either the relative neighborhood graph, relatively closest graph, Gabriel graph, or modified Gabriel graph of a set of points in the plane. The characterizations give rise to linear-time algorithms for determining whether a tree has such a drawing; if such a drawing exists one can be constructed in linear time in the real RAM model. The characterization of Gabriel graphs settles several conjectures of Matula and Sokal .