Navigation in information cyberspace presents difficulties for users leading to reduced satisfaction. How navigation can be facilitated is not well understood, particularly with complex systems involving spatial or geo-referenced information such as in cybercartographic products. There is extensive research on the way people navigate and orient themselves successfully in real and virtual environments, which could provide insight regarding ways to aid navigation and orientation in information cyberspace. This chapter discusses the similarities and differences of navigation and orientation between real/virtual spaces and cyberspace in terms of: (1) acquisition and representation of space; (2) tasks; and (3) navigation aids. The degree of generalization between these two spaces is discussed and serves as a basis for a conceptual framework, as well as guidelines, to support navigation in information cyberspaces.

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Series Modern Cartography Series
Roberts, S. (Shelley), Parush, A, & Lindgaard, G. (2005). Chapter 10 Cognitive theories and aids to support navigation of multimedia information space. Modern Cartography Series. doi:10.1016/S1363-0814(05)80013-9