In recent years, location privacy concerns that arise when using the nearest neighbor query services have gained increasing attention, as such services have become pervasive in mobile social networks devices and the IoT environments. State-of-the-art privacy preservation schemes focus on the obfuscation of the location information, which has suffered from various privacy attacks and the tradeoff of the quality of service. By noticing the fact that the user’s location could be replaced by their surrounding wireless sensor infrastructures in proximity, in this paper, we propose a wireless sensor access point-based scheme for the nearest neighbor query, without using the location of the user. Then, a noise-addition-based method that preserves user’s location privacy was proposed. To further strengthen the adaptability of the approach to real-world environments, several performance-enhancing methods are introduced, including an R-tree-based Noise-Data Retrieval Algorithm (RNR), and a nearest neighbor query method based on our research. Both performance and security evaluations are conducted to validate our approach. The results show the effectiveness and the practicality of our work.

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Keywords Internet of Things, Location privacy, Nearest neighbor query, Noise addition, R-tree, Wireless sensor localization
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Journal Sensors
Wang, Y. (Yuhang), Tian, Z. (Zhihong), Zhang, H. (Hongli), Su, S. (Shen), & Shi, W. (2018). A privacy preserving scheme for nearest neighbor query. Sensors, 18(8). doi:10.3390/s18082440