1999
Drawing nice projections of objects in space
Publication
Publication
Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation , Volume 10  Issue 2 p. 155 172
Given a polygonal object (simple polygon, geometric graph, wireframe, skeleton or more generally a set of line segments) in threedimensional Euclidean space, we consider the problem of computing a variety of 'nice' parallel (orthographic) projections of the object. We show that given a general polygonal object consisting of n line segments in space, deciding whether it admits a crossingfree projection can be done in O(n2 log n + k) time and O(n2 + k) space, where k is the number of edge intersections of forbidden quadrilaterals (i.e., a set of directions that admits a crossing) and varies from zero to O(n4). This implies for example that, given a simple polygon in 3space, we can determine if there exists a plane on which the projection is a simple polygon, within the same complexity. Furthermore, if such a projection does not exist, a minimumcrossing projection can be found in O(n4) time and space. We show that an object always admits a regular projection (of interest to knot theory) and that such a projection can be obtained in O(n2) time and space or in O(n3) time and linear space. A description of the set of all directions which yield regular projections can be computed in O(n3 log n + k) time, where k is the number of intersections of a set of quadratic arcs on the direction sphere and varies from O(n3) to O(n6). Finally, when the objects are polygons and trees in space, we consider monotonic projections, i.e., projections such that every path from the root of the tree to every leaf is monotonic in a common direction on the projection plane. We solve a variety of such problems. For example, given a polygonal chain P, we can determine in O(n) time if P is monotonic on the projection plane, and in O(n log n) time we can find all the viewing directions with respect to which P is monotonic. In addition, in O(n2) time, we can determine all directions with respect to which a given tree or simple polygon is monotonic.
Additional Metadata  

dx.doi.org/10.1006/jvci.1999.0415  
Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation  
Organisation  School of Computer Science 
Bose, P, Gómez, F. (Francisco), Ramos, P. (Pedro), & Toussaint, G. (Godfried). (1999). Drawing nice projections of objects in space. Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation, 10(2), 155–172. doi:10.1006/jvci.1999.0415
