Platform drowning leading to cool-water carbonate deposition: Evolution of a late ordovician (Turinian-Chatfieldian) mixed-sediment platform within the taconic orogen (Long Point Group, Newfoundland Appalachians)
Late Ordovician (Turinian–Chatfieldian) drowning of a mixed carbonate–siliciclastic platform within the Taconic Orogen (Newfoundland Appalachians) is recorded by net deepening of an initial warm, shallow-water platform succession (Lourdes Formation) culminating in a metre-scale thick condensed interval that characterizes a drowning succession punctuated by storm deposits. Composition of transported material suggests that seaward drowning was coupled with back-stepping of a high-energy carbonate factory related to hinterland uplift and erosion that would eventually lead to drowning of the outer platform beneath marine-transported siliciclastic sediments (Winterhouse Formation). In the new offshore shelf setting, a sparse reciprocal stratigraphy of fine- to very coarse-grained phosphatic carbonate and mixed sediment is interpreted to document gravity-flow deposition downgradient from either a sustained or episodically developed high-energy cool-water carbonate source along the inner shelf. Transported carbonate was cemented rapidly at temperatures no warmer than 16 °C– 23 °C, possibly within a seasonal oceanic thermocline. An upsection decrease in abundance of carbonate by the early Edenian is associated with a dramatic increase in siliciclastic supply. The Turinian–Edenian succession of platform drowning, oceanographic transition to cool-water carbonate production, and, later, its termination by increased siliciclastic supply reflects a first-order tectonic control proximal to uplift within the Taconic Orogen. Similar structural and oceanographic changes along the contemporary distal Laurentian margin provides the basis, with improved biostratigraphic control, for future analysis of the significance of proximal–distal stratigraphies in response to regional foreland tectonism.
|Keywords||Cool-water carbonates, Late ordovician, Platform drowning, Reciprocal stratigraphy, Tectonism|
|Journal||Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences|
Dix, G, & Burden, E.T. (Elliott T.). (2018). Platform drowning leading to cool-water carbonate deposition: Evolution of a late ordovician (Turinian-Chatfieldian) mixed-sediment platform within the taconic orogen (Long Point Group, Newfoundland Appalachians). Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 55(9), 1036–1062. doi:10.1139/cjes-2018-0020