The Role of Expectation and Memory-retrieval Techniques in the Construction of Beliefs about Past Events
This study assessed social factors affecting the elicitation of false reports for events occurring the day after birth. High, medium and low hypnotizable participants (N = 170) were randomly assigned to hypnotic, guided imagery (non-hypnotic), expectancy or control conditions. Participants were led to believe that they had experienced a specific event on the day after birth. Hypnotic and guided imagery participants were age regressed, while participants in the expectancy condition were provided with cues suggesting access to this memory was feasible. Relative to controls, these participants recalled higher levels of day-after-birth reports, although age-regressed participants reported significantly more event specific details than expectancy participants. Furthermore, high and medium hypnotizables were more likely than low hypnotizables to recall events occurring the day after birth. Implications of this study within the therapeutic setting are discussed. Copyright
|Journal||Applied Cognitive Psychology|
Terrance, C.A. (Cheryl A.), Matheson, K, Allard, C. (Cathy), & Schnarr, J.A. (Jennifer A.). (2000). The Role of Expectation and Memory-retrieval Techniques in the Construction of Beliefs about Past Events. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 14(4), 361–377.