With the capability of bidirectional communications on a single frequency band, the full-duplex (FD) operation can potentially double the spectral efficiency in physical layer. In network layer, nevertheless, it may cause severe mutual interference to the system. In this paper, we exploit interference alignment (IA) to address the interference in small cell networks, where some of the base stations simultaneously serve both uplink and downlink users on the same frequency via FD. Under such scenario, we first derive the feasibility condition for IA from the Bezout’s theorem, and find that IA can be feasible only if a certain size constraint of the network is satisfied. On this basis, we then propose two clustering methods, i.e., minimized spectrum consumption clustering (MSCC) and minimized interference leakage clustering (MILC), both of which can perfectly eliminate the intra-cluster interference with IA. The difference between them is that MSCC aims at minimizing the number of clusters through allocating orthogonal resource blocks (RBs) for each cluster to avert inter-cluster interference, while MILC tries to minimize the aggregated inter-cluster interference with all clusters sharing the same RB. Extensive simulations verify that MSCC can achieve higher system sum rate, but MILC works better in terms of spectral efficiency

clustering, feasibility, Full-duplex (FD), interference alignment (IA), spectral efficiency
IEEE Transactions on Communications
School of Information Technology

Zhou, M. (Momiao), Li, H. (Hongyan), Zhao, N. (Nan), Zhang, S. (Shun), & Yu, F.R. (2018). Feasibility Analysis and Clustering for Interference Alignment in Full-duplex Based Small Cell Networks. IEEE Transactions on Communications. doi:10.1109/TCOMM.2018.2871207