The establishment and maintenance of various regional intergovernmental organizations in the wider Black Sea area and the incremental growth of the political and economic rapprochement between Turkey and Russia suggest that dependable expectations of peaceful change have developed. However, the security situation remains complex, as deep-rooted security and highly localized military conflicts in the region both constitute major challenges to establishing the basic phase of a security community. The region escapes ready classification as a nascent, ascendant, and mature security community. This paper investigates pluralistic security communities in the region through personal communication, official documents, and personal observation.

Black Sea Economic Cooperation, complex regionalization, EU, Regional security, Russia, South Caucasus, Turkey
doi.org/10.1080/14683857.2018.1516333
Journal of Southeast European and Black Sea
Institute of European, Russian and Eurasian Studies

Hajizada, M. (2018). Challenges and opportunities for establishing a security community in the wider Black Sea area. Journal of Southeast European and Black Sea. doi:10.1080/14683857.2018.1516333