Factors associated with voluntary testing for HBV in the Upper West Region of Ghana
This study examined the role of health facilities on testing for Hepatitis B virus in a policy context where screening is only available at a cost. We fitted multivariate multinomial logistic regression models to cross-sectional data (n = 1374) collected from Upper West Region of Ghana. The analysis showed that approximately 28% of respondents reported ever testing for HBV. Although source of healthcare influenced HBV testing, traders (RRR = 0.29, p ≤ 0.001) and farmers (RRR = 0.34, p ≤ 0.01) were significantly less likely to test voluntarily. Wealth generally predicted voluntary testing, although less so for mandatory testing. The findings highlight the need for free HBV services targeting the very poor, especially those who use community-level health facilities as their primary source of care.
|Keywords||Ghana, Hepatitis B virus, Primary health care, Upper West Region, Voluntary testing|
|Journal||Health and Place|
Anfaara, F.W. (Florence Wullo), Atuoye, K.N. (Kilian Nasung), Mkandawire, P, & Luginaah, I. (Isaac). (2018). Factors associated with voluntary testing for HBV in the Upper West Region of Ghana. Health and Place, 54, 85–91. doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.09.011