Multiparty mediation, which occurs when two or more third parties cooperate or compete in helping antagonists negotiate a conflict settlement, carries both risks and rewards as a conflict management strategy. Cooperating multiple third parties can increase the chances of crafting an agreement, band together to create greater pressure on the conflict parties to reach agreement, and supply outside resources to help implement the negotiated agreement. Competing multiple third parties can undercut each other, prolonging the conflict and allowing antagonists to resist necessary compromises and negotiated concessions. This article examines the changing environment for multiparty mediation and the impact of five changes that affect the practice of mediation. It derives some interim conclusions about where the field is heading and offers some recommendations for making multiparty engagements more effective.

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Keywords collective conflict management, global polarization, mediation, multiparty mediation, regional organizations
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Journal International Negotiation: a journal of theory and practice
Crocker, C.A. (Chester A.), Hampson, F.O, & Aall, P. (Pamela). (2015). The Shifting Sands of Peacemaking: Challenges of Multiparty Mediation. International Negotiation: a journal of theory and practice, 20(3), 363–388. doi:10.1163/15718069-12341313