The institutional violence that plagues Brazil makes sense, albeit in a perverse tvay. Macro- and micro-political circumstances create the environment and incentive structures that make institutional violence not only possible but likely. At the macro-political level, the roots of institutional violence in Brazil lie in a structural deficiency of its democratic order: inequity, remnants of authoritarianism and a vicious circle of impunity persist in the face of weaknesses in the democratic state order. At the micro-political level, public perception of criminal impunity as well as institutional and social arrangements reinforcing symbolic rewards for violent behaviour among state agents conform incentive structures that give institutional violence a significant presence in the social landscape.

Canadian Journal of Development Studies

Daudelin, J, Mendes, E.P. (Errol P.), & Clark, J.A. (Jeffrey A.). (1996). Making sense of evil: The politics of institutional violence in Brazil. Canadian Journal of Development Studies, 17(SUPPL. 1), 93–110.