Between 1985 and 1995, 12 provincial parties in Canada elected their leaders by a direct vote of their membership. This article examines the motivation behind the switch to direct election, the direct election procedures used and whether the expected benefits have been realized. Claims that direct elections are more democratic than traditional conventions and that they can revitalize a party membership are scrutinized.

Canadian Journal of Political Science

Cross, W. (1996). Direct election of provincial party leaders in Canada, 1985-1995: The end of the leadership convention?. Canadian Journal of Political Science, 29(2), 293–315.