The responses of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family members, including the extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs), the c-jun NH2-terminal kinases (JNKs) and p38 MAPK, during mammalian hibernation were analyzed in five organs of Richardson's ground squirrels, Spermophilus richardsonii. Each kinase subfamily responded differently in torpor and each showed organ-specific patterns of response. ERK1/2 activities increased significantly in muscle and brain during hibernation but decreased in kidney and liver. JNK activity rose in four organs (except brain) during hibernation whereas active, phosphorylated p38 MAPK increased only in muscle and heart. Activities of ERK-activated kinases also responded to hibernation: MAPKAPK-1 rose in muscle and brain, MAPKAPK-2 decreased in liver and kidney but rose in the other three organs, and p70 S6K kinase activity decreased kidney and heart. Transcription factors, c-Jun and CREB, also showed organ-specific responses during torpor. The data suggest key roles for MAPKs in the regulation of the known organ-specific changes in gene expression and protein phosphorylation that define the hibernation phenotype.

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Keywords Mammalian hibernation, Mitogen-activated protein kinase, Richardson's ground squirrel, Signal transduction, Torpor
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Journal International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology
MacDonald, J.A. (Justin A.), & Storey, K. (2005). Mitogen-activated protein kinases and selected downstream targets display organ-specific responses in the hibernating ground squirrel. International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, 37(3), 679–691. doi:10.1016/j.biocel.2004.05.023