This essay examines the rise of neoconservative thought within criminological discourse from the enlightenment 'quarrel' with ancient philosophy and church supported scholasticism in the 1700s to the present day. From the perspective of criminology, it is argued that there is little new about the 'new right' with the exception that it has managed to galvanize itself as a popular retributionist alternative among the working class in the United States, Canada, and England. The current organization of social institutions in a modern 'risk society' facilitates the easy re-definition of the crises of late-modern capitalism into issues of social control. It is not surprising we find the right reinvigorated and prominent under these conditions. New left realism and crime control through social development are offered as competitive platforms from which to advance critique of barbaric right-wing crime-control policies.
Critical Criminology

Rigakos, G. (1996). New right, new left, new challenges: Understanding and responding to neoconservatism in contemporary criminology. Critical Criminology (Vol. 7, pp. 75–91). doi:10.1007/BF02461115