United States intervention has played a fundamental role in the emergence of an Indian guerilla army in eastern Nicaragua. The latter, however, was based on an ethnic movement which cannot be conceived solely as a foreign power's instrument. The manipulation of the movement does not imply that it did not have its own determinants. This article argues that the development policies of the central government made it possible for a broadly based ethnic movement to emerge in the first place. The United States' intervention was crucial to the violent turn taken by this ethnic movement. It cannot, however, explain its emergence. -English summary

Canadian Journal of Development Studies

Daudelin, J. (1993). Development policies and ethnic conflict: the case of the Atlantic coast of Nicaragua Politiques de developpement et conflit ethnique: le cas de la Cote Atlantique du Nicaragua. Canadian Journal of Development Studies, 14(3), 359–371.