Situational determinants of police responses to civil and criminal injunctions for battered women
Violence Against Woman , Volume 3 - Issue 2 p. 204- 216
Informed by a feminist perspective, this article examines the enforcement practices of police officers when responding to breaches of civil restraining orders and Canadian Criminal Code peace bonds. Police officers for Delta, British Columbia, were administered a questionnaire (N = 45) focusing on their actions when presented with a restraining order by a survivor at a domestic call. Self-report data show that an arrest ensues in only 21% of the cases where there is a breach of a civil restraining order (N = 19), and 35% of the cases where a breached peace bond is presented (N = 29). Despite this, more officers report recommending women obtain a civil restraining order (62%) than a peace bond (53%). The police disclose that when they do arrest for breaches of protective court orders, there are signs of forced entry, a potentially violent offender, or signs of a struggle. A woman's plea that the police arrest is ranked sixth out of 12 situational variables inciting the police to enforce the order.
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Rigakos, G. (1997). Situational determinants of police responses to civil and criminal injunctions for battered women. Violence Against Woman, 3(2), 204–216. doi:10.1177/1077801297003002006