Hyperpanoptics as commodity: The case of the parapolice
Developments in computerisation and neo-liberal state logics have promoted the growth of private police services. This paper theorises the evolution of the "hyperpanotics" of "parapolice" surveillance by examining the practices of The Law Enforcement Company in Toronto, Ontario. Neo-liberal risk markets are anomic and fear-inducing, and propel developments in the commodification of surveillance. The new parapolice of late modernity are charged with making "dangerous" populations "known." This is accomplished through a process of perpetual examination, and the erection of digital, virtual, hyperpanoptic systems geared to making both security employees and the populations they monitor transparent and accountable. This parapolice machine, and the actuarial practices it supports, can then be resold to a consumerised citizenry. This paper maps these processes along with the multiple modes of resistance employed by actors under its purview.
|Journal||Canadian Journal of Sociology|
Rigakos, G. (1999). Hyperpanoptics as commodity: The case of the parapolice. Canadian Journal of Sociology, 24(3), 381–409.