The challenges associated with the management of diversity in Canada touch a variety of intellectual traditions and disciplines. The notion that pluralism has come to challenge the privileged place of national identity as the legitimate order of contemporary liberaldemocratic political communities is a subject of debate within and between fields as diverse as political science, legal theory, sociology, history, social anthropology, and international relations, to name a few. (We have contributed to this debate in Gagnon and Iacovino 2007, and this chapter develops and expands an argument we presented there.) Moreover, the idea of diversity itself engenders a multitude of avenues of thought, ranging from cognitive self-understanding vis-à-vis others (identity) to the place of collective projects in interstate relations, and in internationalized commercial and social transactions. Indeed, diversity has become somewhat of a rallying cry for those opposed to homogenizing forces, which, they argue, are having effects on two fronts.

Gagnon, A.-G. (Alain-G.), & Iacovino, R. (2007). Federalism and the politics of diversity: The Canadian experience. In Managing Diversity: Practices of Citizenship (pp. 95–114).