Johnston argues that the preemptive first-use of nuclear weapons, long the foundation of American nuclear strategy, was not the carefully reasoned response to a growing Soviet conventional threat. Instead, it was part of a process of cultural 'socialization', by which the United States reconstituted the previously nationalist strategic cultures of the European allies into a seamless western community directed by Washington. Building a bridge between theory and practice, this book examines the usefulness of cultural theory in international history.

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Johnston, A. (2005). Hegemony and culture in the origins of NATO nuclear first-use, 1945-1955. Hegemony and Culture in the Origins of NATO Nuclear First-Use, 1945-1955, 1–329. doi:10.1057/9781403976932