This paper reviews the prior literature examining the trends and patterns of R&D internationalization. Empirical evidence shows that the extent of R&D internationalization has been intensifying over the last three decades in quantitative and qualitative terms. Literature shows that broad differences exist in the level of R&D internationalization amongst MNEs with various countries of origin and industries. Though the developed countries host most of the world's international R&D activities, there has been an upsurge for MNEs to carry out an increasing amount of R&D investments in emerging economies, especially in Asia.

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Keywords Developed Countries, Emerging Economies, Internationalization, Multinational Enterprises (MNEs), Research and Development R&D
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1109/APBITM.2011.5996318
Conference 2011 IEEE International Summer Conference of Asia Pacific Business Innovation and Technology Management, APBITM 2011
Citation
Hui, A. (Annie), & Kiggundu, M. (2011). Internationalization of research and development: Trends, patterns, and the evidence. In APBITM 2011 - Proceedings2011 IEEE International Summer Conference of Asia Pacific Business Innovation and Technology Management (pp. 179–182). doi:10.1109/APBITM.2011.5996318