The trait-state isomorphism hypothesis holds that personality traits and states (i.e., trait-related behavior) are characterized by similar outcomes (Fleeson, 2001). Openness is associated with creative thinking, personal growth, and positive affect. Engaging in behavior associated with openness has also been found to covary with feelings of authenticity. In the present experiment, participants (N = 210) completed a pre-test assessment, five daily exercises designed to either be inert (control condition) or engage the behaviors and cognitions associated with openness (experimental condition), a post-test assessment, and a 2 week follow up assessment. Results supported the isomorphism hypothesis for positive affect but not creative thinking ability or personal growth. Furthermore, open behavior was only associated with authenticity for individuals high on trait openness.

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Keywords Big five, Creativity, Openness to experience, Personal growth, Trait-state isomorphism
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Journal Frontiers in Psychology
van Allen, Z.M. (Zachary M.), & Zelenski, J. (2018). Testing trait-state isomorphism in a New Domain: An exploratory manipulation of openness to experience. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(OCT). doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01964