Purpose: To explain the deviation observed between measured and Monaco calculated dose profiles for a small field (i.e., alternating open-closed MLC pattern). A Monte Carlo (MC) model of an Elekta Infinity linac with Agility MLC was created and validated against measurements. In addition, an analytic model which predicts the fluence at the isocenter plane was used to study the impact of multiple beam parameters on the accuracy of dose calculations for small fields. Methods: A detailed MC model of a 6 MV Elekta Infinity linac with Agility MLC was created in EGSnrc/BEAMnrc and validated against measurements. An analytic model using primary and secondary virtual photon sources was created and benchmarked against the MC simulations and the impact of multiple beam parameters on the accuracy of the model for a small field was investigated. Both models were used to explain discrepancies observed between measured/EGSnrc simulated and Monaco calculated dose profiles for alternating open-closed MLC leaves. Results: MC-simulated dose profiles (PDDs, cross- and in-line profiles, etc.) were found to be in very good agreements with measurements. The best fit for the leaf bank rotation was found to be 9 mrad to model the defocusing of Agility MLC. Moreover, a very good agreement was observed between results from the analytic model and MC simulations for a small field. Modifying the radial size of the incident electron beam in the BEAMnrc model improved the agreement between Monaco and EGSnrc calculated dose profiles by approximately 16% and 30% in the position of maxima and minima, respectively. Conclusion: Accurate modeling of the full-width-half-maximum (FWHM) of the primary photon source as well as the MLC leaf design (leaf bank rotation, etc.) is essential for accurate calculations of dose delivered by small radiation fields when using virtual source or MC models of the beam.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Agility, analytic model, Elekta, Monaco, Monte Carlo, virtual source
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1002/acm2.12485
Journal Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
Citation
Gholampourkashi, S. (Sara), Cygler, J.E, Belec, J. (Jason), Vujicic, M. (Miro), & Heath, E. (2018). Monte Carlo and analytic modeling of an Elekta Infinity linac with Agility MLC: Investigating the significance of accurate model parameters for small radiation fields. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. doi:10.1002/acm2.12485