This paper presents a novel approach to control of a flexible wing UAV using vision system. The aim of this paper is to develop a new technique to measure and classify the wing shape to control the airspeed, angle of attack (AOA), and the roll angle using a stereo camera. The deflection of the wing was extracted from experimental testing, and Fuzzy Logic was used to classify these shapes of the wing. Two different controllers were used: Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems (ANFIS) and Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR). The deflections of wing were measured for chosen locations of landmarks on a flexible wing using a stereo camera. The camera was placed at the rear end of the wing structure, and the entire wing was in the view. The stereo camera was used to study the characteristics of the flexible wings in wind tunnel testing at wind speeds ranging from 11 to 31 km/h, angles of attack ranging from −20 to 20 degree and roll angles ranging from −10 to 10 degree. In addition, fuzzy logic control was used to classify the shape of wing based on the deflection values. This algorithm determines the flight characteristics such as the airspeed, angle of attack and roll angle. Furthermore, two modules of a controller were designed for achieving the desired performance. Simulation and experiment results have been presented and verified.

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GeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Al-Isawi, M.M.A. (Malik M. A.), & Sasiadek, J. (2019). Control of flexible wing UAV using stereo camera. In GeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-94517-0_7