Setting the stage for a special section dedicated to interrogating the Canada-South Africa relationship, the paper finds the current South Africa-Canada relationship to be disconnected, fraught and uneasy. This comes as a surprise given the close ties forged during South Africa's democratic transition. In line with a history of support and shared membership of the Commonwealth, G20, Cairns Group and involvement in the Kimberley Process, it is assumed that both countries are natural allies on the international stage. Instead, South Africa and Canada have consistently been on opposite sides of big international problems. The paper considers whether apparent differences between traditional and emerging middle powers create challenges in fostering meaningful cooperation and advances a number of conceptual conditions important in understanding when and how middle power cooperation occurs. The authors examine an important condition for emerging middle powers in prioritising cooperative endeavours, aid and trade, and draw conclusions from the South Africa-Canada case.

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Commonwealth and Comparative Politics

Hornsby, D.J, & van Heerden, O. (Oscar). (2013). South Africa-Canada relations: A case of middle power (non)cooperation?. Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, 51(2), 153–172. doi:10.1080/14662043.2013.773690