This article is on the energy efficient precoder design in multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MU-MIMO) systems which is also robust with respect to the imperfect channel state information (CSI) at the transmitters. In other words, we design the precoder matrix associated with each transmitter to maximize the general energy efficiency of the network. We investigate the problem in two conventional cases. The first case considers the statistical characterization for the channel estimation error that leads to a quadratically constrained quadratic program (QCQP) with a semi-closed-form solution. Then, we turn our attention to the case which considers only the uncertainty region for the channel estimation error; this case eventually results in a semi-definite program (SDP).

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Keywords Channel estimation, general energy efficiency., Linear programming, MIMO communication, Multiple-input multiple-output, Optimization, precoder, Radio transmitters, Receivers
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Journal IEEE Wireless Communications Letters
Vaezy, H. (Hossein), Omidi, M.J. (Mohammad Javad), & Yanikomeroglu, H. (2018). Energy Efficient Precoder in Multi-User MIMO Systems with Imperfect Channel State Information. IEEE Wireless Communications Letters. doi:10.1109/LWC.2018.2882208