Belief propagation (BP) algorithm for decoding lowdensity parity-check (LDPC) codes over a binary input additive white Gaussian noise (BIAWGN) channel requires the knowledge of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at the receiver to achieve its ultimate performance. An erroneous estimation or the absence of a perfect knowledge of the SNR at the decoder is referred to as "SNR mismatch". SNR mismatch can significantly degrade the performance of LDPC codes decoded by the BP algorithm. In this paper, using extrinsic information transfer (EXIT) charts, we design irregular LDPC codes that perform better (have a lower SNR threshold) in the presence of mismatch compared to the conventionally designed irregular LDPC codes that are optimized for zero mismatch. Considering that min-sum (MS) algorithm is the limit of BP with infinite SNR over-estimation, the EXIT functions generated in this work can also be used for the efficient analysis and design of LDPC codes under the MS algorithm.

Blief propagation (BP) algorithm, Channel estimation error, EXIT charts, Irregular LDPC codes, LDPC code design, Min-sum algorithm, Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) mismatch
IEEE Transactions on Communications
Department of Systems and Computer Engineering

Saeedi, H. (Hamid), & Banihashemi, A. (2009). Design of irregular LDPC codes for BIAWGN channels with SNR mismatch. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 57(1), 6–11. doi:10.1109/TCOMM.2009.0901.060118