Application of MFI-UF fouling index with NOM fouling under various operating conditions
Fouling research with polymeric membranes has demonstrated that various natural organic matter (NOM) fractions contribute differentially to membrane fouling behavior. However, limited studies exist analyzing the sensitivity of the MFI-UF to be used as a tool to differentiate NOM fouling components. The results here indicate that MFI-UF is a suitable tool for assessing NOM fouling. Specifically, NOM fouling potential was in the order of organic proteins (as BSA), polymers (alginate), and humic acid, respectively. Further, a mixed solution containing BSA, alginate and humic acid fouled similarly to the BSA solution indicating the high fouling potential of organic proteins in membrane systems. The MFI-UF value was found to increase by > 30% with increasing pressure (1–3 bar) and decreasing temperature (35°C–5°C). The filtered water volume was found to correlate with the MFI-UF values indicating the dependency of the method on testing conditions. Incorporating water viscosity and pressure values against normalized conditions (20°C and 2 bar) with the standard MFI-UF equation was found to be useful to estimate MFI-UF values at variable operating conditions, thus, enhances the potential application range of MFI-UF as a fouling index for NOM.
|Keywords||BSA, Humic acid, MFI-UF, Sodium alginate, Temperature|
|Journal||Desalination and Water Treatment|
Alresheedi, M.T. (Mohammad T.), & Basu, O. (2018). Application of MFI-UF fouling index with NOM fouling under various operating conditions. Desalination and Water Treatment, 133, 45–54. doi:10.5004/dwt.2018.22999