Let G be a locally compact group and μ a probability measure on G. Given a unitary representation μ of G, let Pμ, denote the μ-average ∫G π(g) μJ.(dg). μ is called neat if for every unitary representation π and every a in the support of μ, s-lim n∞ (Pμ n - π(a)nE μ) = 0, where Eμ is a canonically defined orthogonal projection. G is called neat if every almost aperiodic probability measure on G is neat. Previously known results show that every almost aperiodic spread out probability measure is neat, in particular, every discrete group is neat; furthermore, identity excluding groups, in particular, compact groups and nilpotent groups, are neat. In this work neatness of solvable Lie groups, connected algebraic groups, Euclidian motion groups, [SIN] groups, and extensions of abelian groups by discrete groups is established. Neatness of ergodic probability measures on any locally compact group is also proven. The key to these results is the result that when {Xn}n=1 ∞ is the left random walk of law μ on G and π a unitary representation in a separable Hubert space, then for every k = 0,1,..., the sequence π(Xn)-1Pμ n-k converges almost surely in the strong operator topology.

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Journal Illinois Journal of Mathematics
Citation
Jaworski, W. (2004). On the asymptotic behaviour of iterates of averages of unitary representations. Illinois Journal of Mathematics, 48(4), 1117–1161.