A unique crystallization and melting behavior of a novel semicrystalline polyimide derived from 3,3′,4,4′-biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride and 1,4-bis(3-aminopropyl)piperazine were studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) with and without temperature modulation and wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD). Polymer samples isolated from a chloroform solution showed melting transitions in the DSC. However, WAXD traces showed crystallinity only after annealing above the glass transition, for about 2 h. For samples crystallized from the melt, crystallization could be achieved only in a narrow crystallization range of 200-220 °C, after 10 h. A maximum crystallinity of this polyimide was found to be 30%. Two distinct melting transitions were observed by DSC, which could be explained using a partial disordering - reorganization - final melting model.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Crystallization, Melting, Semicrystalline polyimide
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2005.03.024
Journal Polymer
Song, N. (Naiheng), Yao, D. (Dianjun), Wang, Z.Y, & Sundararajan, P. (2005). A unique crystallization and double melting behavior of a polyimide derived from 3,3′,4,4′-biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride and 1,4-bis(3-aminopropyl)piperazine. Polymer, 46(11), 3831–3837. doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2005.03.024