Trajectories of social support in adults with type 2 diabetes: Associations with depressive symptoms and functional disability
Objectives: Little is known about temporal trajectories of social support in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and how they are associated with diabetes-related outcomes. This study identified and explored different trajectories of social support in a community sample of adults with T2D, as well as the extent to which different trajectories were prospectively associated with depressive symptoms and functional disability. Methods: Data came from five annual waves of the Evaluation of Diabetes Treatment study (N = 1077). Social support, depressive symptoms, and functional disability were assessed via self-report. Separate analyses were conducted to examine the associations between social support trajectories, depressive symptoms, and functional disability, adjusting for demographic characteristics, diabetes-related covariates, and baseline depressive symptoms and functional disability. Results: Latent class growth modeling identified four distinct social support trajectories. Trajectory Groups 1 and 2 comprised participants with persistently low and persistently moderate-low social support, respectively. Trajectory Groups 3 and 4 included participants with persistently moderate-high and persistently high social support, respectively. People with persistently low social support reported higher functional disability relative to those with persistently moderate-high and persistently high social support. Conclusions: The findings of the present study indicate that temporal patterns of social support are a predictor of future functional disability among adults with T2D.
|Keywords||community-based, depressive symptoms, functional disability, longitudinal, social support, type 2 diabetes|
|Journal||International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry|
Levy, M. (Melanie), Deschênes, S.S. (Sonya S.), Burns, R, Elgendy, R. (Randa), & Schmitz, N. (Norbert). (2018). Trajectories of social support in adults with type 2 diabetes: Associations with depressive symptoms and functional disability. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. doi:10.1002/gps.5042