Jurassic foraminifera from the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, Canada: Biostratigraphy, paleoenvironments and paleogeographic implications
Lower and Middle Jurassic (Sinemurian to Callovian) foraminifera were examined from 66 localities of the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, Canada. Over 200 species of well preserved benthic calcareous and agglutinated taxa belonging to 50 genera were identified. Foraminifera from the Lower Jurassic are represented by an abundant and diverse, Tethyan-derived calcareous assemblage, with Boreally derived agglutinated taxa becoming gradually more dominant in the upper Lower Jurassic to lower Middle Jurassic. Sedimentary strata and their faunal components and position of hiatuses correlate approximately with the Jurassic eustatic sea-level curve. Sea-level changes have resulted in a variety of depositional environments ranging from deep-water euxinic shales with abundant tuff beds, characterized by small pyritized foraminifera, to a well oxygenated outer shelf setting, characterized by a major faunal increase, to shoreface sandstones and conglomerates with absent to rare benthic foraminifera. A gradual shallowing from a slope- to a shelf-dominated deposition, with a magmatic arc provenance, is suggested for the Lower Jurassic, changing in the Middle Jurassic to an inner shelf to upper shoreface setting dominated by sedimentary strata of volcaniclastic origin. A marked faunal turnover is observed in the Lower Jurassic Whiteaves Formation (middle Toarcian) with the extinction of several earlier species and the appearance of a new diverse assemblage of 225 taxa. This turnover is also observed in the ammonite and radiolarian assemblages of the Queen Charlotte Islands. In comparison to the dominantly Tethyan-derived taxa of pre-middle Toarcian age, many of the species from the middle Toarcian are found in northern latitudes such as on the northern slope of Alaska, Arctic Islands and the Northwest Territories. Hence, foraminifera, in conjunction with existing radiolarian and ammonite data, suggest a northward displacement of the Queen Charlotte Islands from low to mid-paleolatitudes by late Early Jurassic (Toarcian) to early Middle Jurassic (Bajocian) time.
|Keywords||Foraminifera, Jurassic, North America, Paleoenvironment, Paleogeography, Queen Charlotte Islands|
|Journal||Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology|
Kottachchi, N. (N.), Schroder-Adams, C, Haggart, J.W. (J. W.), & Tipper, H.W. (H. W.). (2002). Jurassic foraminifera from the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, Canada: Biostratigraphy, paleoenvironments and paleogeographic implications. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 180(1-3), 93–127. doi:10.1016/S0031-0182(01)00424-2