Validation of a child version of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire in a Canadian sample: A psychometric tool for the evaluation of eating behaviour
Objective To examine score validity and reliability of a child version of the twenty-one-item Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (CTFEQ-R21) in a sample of Canadian children and adolescents and its relationship with BMI Z-score and food/taste preferences.Design Cross-sectional study.Setting School-based.Participants Children (n 158), sixty-three boys (mean age 11·5 (sd 1·6) years) and ninety-five girls (11·9 (sd 1·9) years).Results Exploratory factor analysis revealed that the CTFEQ-R21 was best represented by four factors with item 17 removed (CFFEQ-R20), representing Cognitive Restraint (CR), Cognitive Uncontrolled Eating (UE 1), External Uncontrolled Eating (UE 2) and Emotional Eating (EE), accounting for 41·2 % of the total common variance with good scale reliability. ANOVA revealed that younger children reported higher UE 1 and CR scores than older children, and boys who reported high UE 1 scores had significantly higher BMI Z-scores. Children with high UE 1 scores reported a greater preference for high-protein and -fat foods, and high-fat savoury (HFSA) and high-fat sweet (HFSW) foods. Higher preference for high-protein, -fat and -carbohydrate foods, and HFSA, HFSW and low-fat savoury foods was found in children with high UE 2 scores.Conclusions The study suggests that the CFFEQ-R20 can be used to measure eating behaviour traits and associations with BMI Z-score and food/taste preferences in Canadian children and adolescents. Future research is needed to examine the validity of the questionnaire in larger samples and other geographical locations, as well as the inclusion of extraneous variables such as parental eating or socio-economic status.
|Keywords||Children, Eating behaviours, Food preferences, Obesity, Overweight, Psychometric properties, Taste preferences|
|Journal||Public Health Nutrition|
Yabsley, J.-L. (Jaime-Lee), Gunnell, K.E, Bryant, E.J. (Eleanor J.), Drapeau, V. (Vicky), Thivel, D. (David), Adamo, K.B. (Kristi B.), & Chaput, J.-P. (Jean-Philippe). (2019). Validation of a child version of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire in a Canadian sample: A psychometric tool for the evaluation of eating behaviour. Public Health Nutrition, 22(3), 431–443. doi:10.1017/S136898001800349X