Compressive sensing (CS) is a signal processing technique for acquiring sparse signals at sampling rates much lower than the Nyquist rate. Traditionally to avoid generation of large sensing matrices for 2D signals or images, individual rows or columns of the images are compressed in the sensing phase. This increases the number of matrix multiplication operations and results in a compressed image with a different aspect ratio than the original uncompressed image. To overcome these issues, in this paper, we investigate a 2D deterministic sensing technique that maintains both the aspect ratio and the morphology of the image. We use a linear filtering-based measurement matrix. Through this paper, we demonstrate that deterministic CS will preserve the features and there by enable analysis of the images such as detection and identification of objects in the compressed domain without the need to perform a computationally expensive reconstruction. In order to demonstrate this, images obtained by infra-red electro-optic camera on an airborne platform (low resolution), LandSat (medium resolution) and multispectral images (high resolutions) are chosen. Features of chosen objects from an uncompressed image are compared with those corresponding objects in the compressed image using template matching to demonstrate that such image analysis can be done in the compressed domain. Frobenius norm-based structural similarity analysis for the images at different levels of compression is presented to demonstrate the similarity in structure. Robustness of the deterministic CS technique is shown by performing template matching based image analysis on noisy compressed images.

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2018 IEEE International Symposium on Signal Processing and Information Technology, ISSPIT 2018
Department of Systems and Computer Engineering

Mitra, D. (Dipayan), Rajan, S, & Balaji, B. (Bhashyam). (2019). A Deterministic Compressive Sensing Approach for Compressed Domain Image Analysis. In 2018 IEEE International Symposium on Signal Processing and Information Technology, ISSPIT 2018 (pp. 596–601). doi:10.1109/ISSPIT.2018.8642673