Whatever democracy is, and there is a lot of confusion about that, it still comes as a surprise that throughout his career Marx was a strong advocate of democracy, in politics and, we can now say, in the economy. First we must remove layers of misconception about Marx on the state and then pursue ideas about emancipation, society, and the state to see that democracy was both a tactic and a goal for him. Marx calls for workers to win the battle of democracy and then provides the beginnings of an emancipatory democracy for the future. This chapter ends with illusions revealed and challenges for retrievals.