Karl Marx and his family are introduced with comments about his university life and early years and his first contacts and collaboration with Frederick Engels. Engels was an early positive influence. The focus, however, is on Marx and his goal of the self-emancipation of workers to be organized through an international association. The complexities of emancipation and freedom are explored in Marx and in contemporary studies. This chapter draws together the themes of the book about methodology, social relations, organizations, and possible futures with cooperative work and free association. Marx thought deeply about worker emancipation and human emancipation. What he observed was different, but how he observed and analysed the social world and his emphasis on “conquering political power” stands out as clear and relevant.

Marx, Engels, and Marxisms
Department of Philosophy

Ware, R.X. (2019). Emancipation and retrievals. In Marx on Emancipation and Socialist Goals (pp. 3–20). doi:10.1007/978-3-319-97716-4_1