The relationship of Matrona and Atrocalopteryx (Odonata: Calopterygidae) is still unclear. To better understand the phylogenetic relationship of Matrona and Atrocalopteryx, we sequenced and annotated two complete mitochondrial genomes of Matrona basilaris sampled from two different locations. The length of the two complete mitochondrial genomes of M. basilaris is 16,149 bp and 15,893 bp for the specimens collected in Jinhua, Zhejiang Province and Tianmushan, Zhejiang Province, China, respectively. The two mitochondrial genomes include the typical invertebrate set of 37 genes: 13 protein-coding genes (PGCs), 22 tRNA genes, and 2 rRNA genes. The nucleotide composition of the mitogenome is similar to other odonates with high content of A + T (68.9%) and all PCGs use ATN as the start codon. Tandem repeats were detected in the control regions of the two M. basilaris samples that accounted for the different sequence lengths of the mitochondrial genomes from the two locations. Finally, BI and ML phylogenetic analysis based on the concatenated nucleotide sequences of the 13 PCGs supported the conclusion that M. basilaris is a sister clade to Atrocalopteryx melli.

Atrocalopteryx, Matrona, mitochondrial genome, phylogenetic relationship
Mitochondrial DNA Part B: Resources
Department of Biology

Lan, D.-Y. (Deng-Yong), Shen, S.-Q. (Shi-Qi), Cai, Y.-Y. (Yin-Yin), Wang, J. (Jun), Zhang, J.-Y. (Jia-Yong), Storey, K, & Yu, D.-N. (Dan-Na). (2019). The characteristics and phylogenetic relationship of two complete mitochondrial genomes of Matrona basilaris (Odonata: Zygoptera: Calopterygidae). Mitochondrial DNA Part B: Resources, 4(1), 1745–1747. doi:10.1080/23802359.2019.1610104