Diffusive groundwater pollution caused by agricultural and atmospheric inputs is a pressing issue in environmental management worldwide. Various researchers have studied nitrate contamination since the substantial increase of nitrogen fertilization in agriculture starting in the second half of the 20th century. This study addresses large scale reactive solute transport in typical landscapes and aquifers exemplified by geological analogues of southwestern Germany.. Fate of nitrate and other solutes (e.g. agricultural nitrate, ammonium, natural sulfate and dissolved organic carbon) was studied in a typical small river floodplain. Reactive transport model of Ammer river floodplain shows that agriculture nitrate is reduced rapidly in the Ammer floodplain sediments. However, there is a potential for geogenic production of ammonium in sediment layers high in organic carbon and peat, which might be a major source of nitrate in the drains. Part of the nitrate in drains and creeks in the Ammer valley thus could be of geogenic origin. Such findings are relevant for regional land and water quality management.

16th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction, WRI 2019 and 13th International Symposium on Applied Isotope Geochemistry, 1st IAGC International Conference
Integrated Science Institute

Kortunov, E. (Evgenii), Lu, C. (Chuanhe), Amos, R, & Grathwohl, P. (Peter). (2019). Redox hydrogeochemistry of organic rich floodplain exemplified by Ammer river. In E3S Web of Conferences. doi:10.1051/e3sconf/20199809014