Structural development and multiscale design optimization of additively manufactured uav with blended wing body configuration employing lattice materials
The research work presented in this paper is developed by the Blended Wing Body (BWB) Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) team, a fourth-year capstone project at Carleton University Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. Here, a clean sheet UAV with BWB configuration is designed and optimized using Multiscale Design Optimization (MSDO) approach employing lattice materials taking into consideration design for additive manufacturing constraints. The BWB-UAV is being developed with a mission profile designed for surveillance purposes with a minimum payload of 1000 grams. To demonstrate the design methodology, a single design loop of a sample rib from the airframe is shown in details. This included presentation of the conceptual design, materials selection, experimental characterization and residual thermal stress distribution analysis of additively manufactured materials, identification of the manufacturing constraints, critical loads computations, stress analysis and design optimization. Critical loads envelop was identified. A time consistent dynamic turbulent critical load case was recognized as the design load case for the presented wing rib. The identified load case is composed of a 1-g static maneuver with an incremental Power Spectral Density (PSD) gust which was used as a deterministic design load case for the design optimization of the wing rib. 2D flat plate Doublet Lattice Method (DLM) was used to simulate aerodynamics in the aeroelastic analysis. The aerodynamic results were verified versus a 3D CFD analysis applying Spalart-Allmaras and SST k-omega turbulence to the rigid UAV and vortex lattice method applied in the OpenVSP environment. Design optimization of the wing rib was conducted using topology optimization as well as MSDO employing lattice materials. Compared to a solid rib, weight savings of 36.44% and 59.65% were obtained for the topology optimization and the MSDO, respectively. These results suggest that MSDO is a promising alternative to topology optimization in weight critical applications while preserving structural functional requirements.
|Conference||AIAA Scitech Forum, 2019|
Dinovitzer, M. (Malcolm), Miller, C. (Calvin), Hacker, A. (Adam), Wong, G. (Gabriel), Annen, Z. (Zach), Rajakareyar, P. (Padmassun), … El Sayed, M. (2019). Structural development and multiscale design optimization of additively manufactured uav with blended wing body configuration employing lattice materials. In AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum. doi:10.2514/6.2019-2048