Evaluation of the signal quality of wrist-based photoplethysmography
OBJECTIVE: Wearable devices with embedded photoplethysmography (PPG) sensors enable continuous monitoring of cardiovascular activity, allowing for the detection cardiovascular problems, such as arrhythmias. However, the quality of wrist-based PPG is highly variable, and is subject to artifacts from motion and other interferences. The goal of this paper is to evaluate the signal quality obtained from wrist-based PPG when used in an ambulatory setting. APPROACH: Ambulatory data were collected over a 24 h period for 10 elderly, and 16 non-elderly participants. Visual assessment is used as the gold standard for PPG signal quality, with inter-rater agreement evaluated using Fleiss' Kappa. With this gold standard, 5 classifiers were evaluated using a modified 13-fold cross-validation approach. MAIN RESULTS: A Random Forest quality classification algorithm showed the best performance, with an accuracy of 74.5%, and was then used to evaluate 24 h long ambulatory wrist-based PPG measurements. SIGNIFICANCE: In general, data quality was high at night, and low during the day. Our results suggest wrist-based PPG may be best for continuous cardiovascular monitoring applications during the night, but less useful during the day unless methods can be identified to improve low quality signal segments.
Pradhan, N. (Nikhilesh), Rajan, S, & Adler, A. (2019). Evaluation of the signal quality of wrist-based photoplethysmography. Physiological Measurement, 40(6). doi:10.1088/1361-6579/ab225a