We use aggregate banking data to uncover a new fact: U.S. banks counter- cyclically vary the proportion of defaulted loans that they charge-off. The variance of this \charge-offs to defaults" ratio is roughly 15 times larger than that of GDP. Canonical financial accelerator models cannot explain this variance. We show that introducing stochastic default costs into the model helps to resolve the discrepancy with the data. Estimating the augmented model on typical macroeconomic data using Bayesian techniques reveals that the estimated default cost shocks not only help account for the variance of the banking data but also help account for a significant fraction of the U.S. business cycle between 1984 and 2015.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Charge-offs and defaults, default cost shocks, financial accelerator, models, business cycles
JEL Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles (jel E3), Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy (jel E44)
Publisher Department of Economics
Series Carleton Economic Papers (CEP)
Citation
Gunn, C, Johri, Alok, & Letendre, Marc-André. (2019). Charge-offs, Defaults and U.S. Business Cycles (No. CEP 19-04). Carleton Economic Papers (CEP). Department of Economics.