This study examined coping with stress associated with employment uncertainty for comparable samples of laid-off and employed high-technology workers. It was expected that different coping strategies would be associated with perceived stress for employed vs. unemployed people. Although unemployed participants reported higher levels of stress compared with employed participants, employment uncertainty mediated the association between employment status and perceived stress. Emotion-focused coping strategies were related to higher perceived stress, whereas problem-focused coping strategies were related to lower perceived stress. The use of emotional avoidance as a strategy moderated the effect of employment uncertainty on perceived stress, such that a greater propensity to endorse avoidance coping strategies was associated with higher levels of stress particularly under low uncertainty conditions. Copyright 2005 by the Educational Publishing Foundation.
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Carleton University

Mantler, J, Matejicek, A. (Amanda), Matheson, K, & Anisman, H. (2005). Coping with employment uncertainty: A comparison of employed and unemployed workers. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 10(3), 200–209. doi:10.1037/1076-8998.10.3.200