Cybercartography in Kyrgyzstan: Reforming high mountain pasture governance policy in Naryn province
Kyrgyzstan's pasture management policies have been challenged by the limited capacity of its nascent, village-level committees and pasture user groups. The collapse of supporting Soviet-era institutions to collect up-to-date information mean policies have little connection with actual practice on the ground. As a result, rural Kyrgyz livelihoods have stagnated in Naryn province. A collaborative, cybercartographic mapping process has been implemented that allows Naryn pasture stakeholders to curate and visualize traditional practices in an online atlas. Both the atlas-creating process and the produced atlas are analysed for their impact on local engagement in pasture governance. Results show overlapping practices of pasture management, ecological monitoring, and medicinal plant gathering. Mapped visualizations of the pastures differ by stakeholder group and engender dialogue for new partnerships in managing pastures. The process of creating the atlas proves equally, if not more important, than the atlas itself in impacting local perceptions of citizen involvement in pasture governance. Traditional knowledge emerges as a key catalyst for an atlas structure that is pasture user-centric.
|Keywords||Cybercartography, Governance, Kyrgyzstan, Pastures, Traditional knowledge|
|Series||Modern Cartography Series|
Wong, J. (Jason), & Taylor, D.R. (2019). Cybercartography in Kyrgyzstan: Reforming high mountain pasture governance policy in Naryn province. In Modern Cartography Series. doi:10.1016/B978-0-444-64193-9.00021-X