An honor and shame reading of 1 Thessalonians reveals that Paul wrote the letter as a riposte to a series or challenges that emanated from the young congregation. In combining this reading with a consideration of the role of praise and blame as ancient epistolary devices, this study reconciles the letter's defensiveness with what has long been recognized as its "warmth".
Biblical Theology Bulletin
College of the Humanities

Crook, Z.A. (1997). Paul's riposte and praise of the thessalonians. Biblical Theology Bulletin, 27(4), 153–163. doi:10.1177/014610799702700404