Non-genetic inheritance of metabolic state over multiple generations has been widely reported in insects. The present study uses the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, to assess whether lifespan, physiological traits and metabolism are affected by the dietary protein-to-carbohydrate ratio (P:C) of the prior adult generation. Groups of parental flies were fed diets with different P:C ratios. Their progeny groups were raised on the same diet so the only variable in the experiments was the diet fed to the parents. Parental P:C affected the lifespan of female offspring, however had no impact on F1 males survival. Low parental P:C increased feeding rate in progeny. An increase in the P:C ratio from 0.03 to 0.65 decreased the levels of body glucose and trehalose in the offspring and a similar tendency was observed in the levels of circulating hemolymph glucose and trehalose. Offspring also accumulated less triglycerides but more glycogen when parents were fed a low P:C diet. Our study indicates that the parental dietary P:C ration has a strong impact on the lifespan, reproduction, appetite and metabolism in the offspring generation.

Fruit fly, Lifespan, Metabolism, Nutrition, Offspring, Parents
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A Molecular and Integrative Physiology
Department of Biology

Strilbytska, O. (Olha), Velianyk, V. (Vira), Burdyliuk, N. (Nadia), Yurkevych, I.S. (Ihor S.), Vaiserman, A. (Alexander), Storey, K, … Lushchak, O. (Oleh). (2020). Parental dietary protein-to-carbohydrate ratio affects offspring lifespan and metabolism in drosophila. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A Molecular and Integrative Physiology, 241. doi:10.1016/j.cbpa.2019.110622