Short-term forecasts of energy demand in buildings serve as key information for various operational schemes such as predictive control and demand response programs. Despite this, developing forecast models for heating and cooling loads has received little attention in the literature compared to models for electricity load. In this paper, we present data-driven approaches to forecast hourly heating and cooling energy use in office buildings based on temporal, autoregressive, and exogenous variables. The proposed models calculate hourly loads for a horizon between one hour and 12 hours ahead. Individual models based on artificial neural networks (ANN) and change-point models (CPM) as well as a hybrid of the two methods are developed. A case study is conducted based on hourly thermal load data collected from several office buildings located on the same campus in Ottawa, Canada. The models are trained with more than two years of hourly energy-use data and tested on a separate part of the dataset to enable unbiased validation. The results show that the ANN model can achieve higher forecasting accuracy for the longest forecast horizon and outperforms the results obtained by a Naïve approach and the CPM. However, the performance of the hybrid CPM-ANN method is superior compared to individual models for all studied buildings.

dx.doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1343/1/012038
International Conference on Climate Resilient Cities - Energy Efficiency and Renewables in the Digital Era 2019, CISBAT 2019
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Ashouri, A. (Araz), Shi, Z. (Zixiao), & Gunay, H.B. (2019). Data-driven short-term load forecasting for heating and cooling demand in office buildings. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1343/1/012038