We introduce and present the general solution of three two-term fractional differential equations of mixed Caputo/Riemann–Liouville type. We then solve a Dirichlet type Sturm–Liouville eigenvalue problem for a fractional differential equation derived from a special composition of a Caputo and a Riemann–Liouville operator on a finite interval where the boundary conditions are induced by evaluating Riemann–Liouville integrals at those end-points. For each 1 / 2 < α< 1 it is shown that there is a finite number of real eigenvalues, an infinite number of non-real eigenvalues, that the number of such real eigenvalues grows without bound as α→ 1 -, and that the fractional operator converges to an ordinary two term Sturm–Liouville operator as α→ 1 - with Dirichlet boundary conditions. Finally, two-sided estimates as to their location are provided as is their asymptotic behavior as a function of α.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Caputo, Eigenvalues, Fractional, Laplace transform, Mittag–Leffler functions, Riemann–Liouville, Sturm–Liouville
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13398-019-00756-8
Journal Revista de la Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales - Serie A: Matematicas
Citation
Dehghan, M. (M.), & Mingarelli, A. (2020). Fractional Sturm–Liouville eigenvalue problems, I. Revista de la Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales - Serie A: Matematicas, 114(2). doi:10.1007/s13398-019-00756-8