In this study, a series of novel luminescent cyclometalated Ir(III) complexes has been synthesized and evaluated for use in unimolecular oxygen-sensing materials. The complexes Ir(C6)2(vacac), 1, Ir(ppy)2-(vacac), 2, fac-Ir(ppy)2(vppy), 3, and mer-Ir(ppy)2(vppy), 4, where C6 = Coumarin 6, vacac = allylaceto-acetate, ppy = 2-phenylpyridine, and vppy = 2-(4-vinylphenyl) pyridine, all have pendent vinyl or allyl groups for polymer attachment via the hydrosilation reaction. These luminophore complexes were characterized by NMR, absorption, and emission spectroscopy, luminescence lifetime and quantum yield measurements, elemental analysis, and cyclic voltammetry. Complex 1 was structurally characterized using X-ray crystallography, and a series of 1-D (1H, 13C) and 2-D (1H-1H, 1H-13C) NMR experiments were used to resolve the solution structure of 4. Complexes 1 and 3 displayed the longest luminescence lifetimes and largest quantum efficiencies in solution (τ = 6.0 μs, φ = 0.22 for 1; τ = 0.4 μs, φ = 0.2 for 3) and, as result, are the most promising candidates for future luminescence-quenching-based oxygen-sensing studies.

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Journal American Chemical Society Journal
DeRosa, M.C, Hodgson, D.J. (Derek J.), Enright, G.D. (Gary D.), Dawson, B. (Brian), Evans, C.E.B. (Christopher E. B.), & Crutchley, R. (2004). Iridium luminophore complexes for unimolecular oxygen sensors. American Chemical Society Journal, 126(24), 7619–7626. doi:10.1021/ja049872h